The olive tree is the king of woody agricultural crops in Italy
For eight of the twelve species of woody crops agricultural observed, almost 80% of the total area is determined to be no more than four varieties. The exceptions are olive, peach and nectarine and apricot
Land in the year 2011-2012, olive trees cover 57.9% of the total invested in agricultural woody crops. 34% of the national area is in Puglia.
Among the fruit trees, the first crop is orange (21% of the total invested in interest-bearing surface), followed by peach and nectarine (16.8%).
Some species are particularly concentrated in a single region: orange and lemon in Sicily (respectively 89, 89 and 1%, 5% of the national investment), but in Emilia Romagna (69.2%), table grapes and cherry in Apulia (respectively 66.7% and 58.3%) and apple trees in Trentino Alto Adige (54%).
Among the woody agricultural crops that of the small-fruited citrus recorded the highest increase compared to the General Census of Agriculture in 2010 (+5.9%). The largest reductions are observed for the pear tree (-7.2%) and for peach and nectarine (-5.8%): in both cases the declines were especially strong in Emilia Romagna.
For eight of the twelve species of woody crops agricultural observed, almost 80% of the total area is determined to be no more than four varieties. The exceptions are olive, peach and nectarine and apricot.
Over 60% of the area planted in citrus and olive consists of plants with over 25 years of age. The other fruit species are characterized by plants under the age of 25 years (from 83, 1% of the surface of the pear to 94.7% of that for table grapes).
The average number of plants per hectare is higher in younger plants, except for table grapes.