Olive stones flour as reinforcement in polypropylene composites
Olive stone flour from solid-waste was used as reinforcement polypropylene composite. Composite with filler loading up to 70% was prepared using a melt processing
The usefulness of olive stone flour (OSF) from the solid residue of the olive oil extraction as a reinforcement for the preparation of a cost-effective polypropylene-based composite was investigated. The lignocellulosic filler consisted of acicular particles with a broad size distribution ranging from about 50 to 400 μm, and is composed of lignin, hemicelluloses, and cellulose. Composites with filler loading up to 70 wt% were prepared using a melt processing and injection molding.
The evolution of the mechanical performance, impact properties, and water absorbance of the composites as a function of the filler content were investigated. The addition of a maleated polypropylene (MAPP) coupling agent at a level of 5%, with respect to the filler, was shown to be essential in bringing about a reinforcing effect.
A steady increase in the modulus along with a preservation in the tensile strength was observed up to a content of 60% OSF. The obtained results have confirmed the viability of OSF as cheap reinforcing filler for the PP matrix; thus, opening new perspectives for the use of this agricultural by-product.
Ilhem Naghmouchi, Peré Mutjé, Sami Boufi, Olive stones flour as reinforcement in polypropylene composites: A step forward in the valorization of the solid waste from the olive oil industry, Industrial Crops and Products, Available online 10 December 2014, ISSN 0926-6690