Grapevine & Wine 02/07/2012

Development trends and market on world vitiviniculture

Favorable climate and greater grape yields boost world grape production to a 692 Mqx peak. The surface of world vineyards reaches a 10-year low with 7,585 mha

Following the last OIV Report on the Worldwide Situation of the Vitivinicultural Sector, published last March, the OIV Director General, Federico Castellucci, presented on June 18, 2012, a global overview of the main trends influencing the development of the vitivinicultural sector worldwide.
“Despite the economic turmoil that brought some difficulties to the vitivinicultural sector, consumers have regained confidence in vine and wine products, allowing for some optimism”, said Castellucci.
This presentation took place during the opening session of the XXXV World Congress of Vine and Wine, an international event which brings together each year most of the leading researchers on viticulture, enology, economy and law to discuss the latest developments of the vitivinicultural sector.
Focusing on the topic of diversity and sustainability in the vine and wine sector, world experts will debate issues related to biodiversity, innovation, traceability and consumers’ quality and health expectations regarding vine-based products, especially table grapes and raisins.
The congress is taking place from 18 to 22 June 2012 at the Kaya İzmir Thermal & Convention center, in Turkey. Placed under the auspices of the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV), the event has been organised by the Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority (TAPDK) of Turkey.

OIV 2012 Statistical Report on world vitiviniculture
Surface: In 2011 world vineyards reached a total area surface (including areas not yet in production or harvested) of 7,585 mha. This means a drop of 79 mha between 2010 and 2011 (-1%) and a cumulated decline during the last ten years amounting to 262 mha.
Europe retains more than half of the world vineyard surface (56.9%) despite the continuing grubbing campaign put in place by EU authorities to reduce its size.
The expansion of Asian vineyards, which reached more than a fifth of the total surface in 2011 (21.9%), is driven mainly by China, whose vineyards almost doubled in the last decade (+89%).
USA and Southern Hemisphere vineyards account roughly for another quintile of the total surface (20.9%), with New Zealand almost tripling its surface between 2000 and 2011 (from 14 to 37 mha).
Grape: Global grape production recovered from the 2009-2010 stall and peaked at 692 Mqx, a ten-year high, despite the decline of the global surface under vines. This fact can be explained by an upwards trend in yields, particularly favorable climate conditions and continued improvements in viticultural techniques.
Since table grape yields are usually higher than those from wine grapes, the difference in vineyard surface among different world areas does not correlate with divergences in global grape production figures (including both wine and table grape).
As an example, despite having more than half of the world surface under vines, Europe accounts for only a 44% of the global grape production. Asia represents roughly a third (28,7%) and America around one quintile (21%). Followed by Africa (5.9%) and Oceania (3%).
Wine: World wine production in 2011 (excluding juice and musts) stood at 265 Mhl, below the average for the period 2006-2010 (which stood at 271 Mhl). Therefore it can be said that, as for last year, production was low.
Europe still accounts for more than 2/3 of the global wine production (66.5%), even if losing ground (it accounted for 73% of the total in 2001) to competitors from America (19% in 2011), Asia (5.5% in 2011 against 3.5% in 2001), Oceania (5%) and Africa (4%).
On the other hand, 2011 estimates for wine consumption (244.3 Mhl) show a regain of interest on the part of consumers. The position of France as the biggest internal wine market remains undisputed (29.9 Mhl of wine consumed), while Spain and Italy decrease their wine consumption (10.3 Mhl and 23 Mhl respectively).
News come from the UK with 12.8 Mhl of wine consumed (a 32% increase compared with 2000 figures) and China (internal demand reached 17 Mhl for the first time, a 58% increase compared to 2000 figures).
As for wine exports, Italy leads the ranking with 24.2 Mhl exported in 2011, followed by Spain (22.3 Mhl) and France (14.1 Mhl). Australia climbs to the fourth position with 7 Mhl, before Chili (6.6 Mhl) and USA (4 Mhl).

di Graziano Alderighi